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Guidance Table

Table 1P

Spices and Herbs

Potential ingredient or other food-related biological hazards

Category Number Subcategory Storage Conditions Hazards Example Products
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 1 Dried, ground or cracked Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Cinnamon, Turmeric, Paprika, Pepper (Black, White, Red), Cayenne Powder, Cumin, Coriander, Mustard, Fenugreek, Horseradish, Fennel Seeds, Caraway, All-spice, Nutmeg, Ginger, Garlic (Minced or Powder), Onion (Minced or Powder), Celery Seed
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 2 Dried, whole Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Cinnamon, Cardamom, Fenugreek, Cloves, Nutmeg, Cumin, Anise, fennel Seeds, Caraway, Chili Peppers, Saffron, Peppercorns (Black or White), Coriander, Basil, Varieties of Chili Peppers
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 3 Dried herbs Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Basil, Oregano, Thyme, Sage, Parsley, Bay Leaf, Dill, Rosemary, Cilantro, Mint, Kaffir Lime, Chives, Peppermint
Treated Herbs and Spices 4 Irradiated Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Various
Treated Herbs and Spices 5 Chemically Treated (EtOH, PPO) Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Various
Treated Herbs and Spices 6 Steam Pasteurization Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Various
Seasonings 7a Pastes Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Basil Paste, Garlic Paste, Jerk Seasoning Paste
Seasonings 7b Pastes Refrigerated Bacillus cereus,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Basil Paste, Garlic Paste, Jerk Seasoning Paste
Seasonings 8 Essential Oils Shelf-Stable Basil, Cinnamon, Clove, Ginger, Lemongrass
Seasonings 9 Spice and seasoning mixtures, Dry Blends Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Taco Mix, Chili Powder, Curry Powder, Multi- Spice Mix, Adobo Seasoning, Garam Masala, Berebere, Oriental Five-Spice, Crab Snack & Dip Seasoning, Meat Coatings and Rubs, Seafood Seasonings, Scampi Seasoning, Powdered Seasonings, Popcorn Seasonings
Seasonings 10 Spice and seasoning mixtures, Liquid Shelf-Stable Bacillus cereus,Clostridium botulinum,C. perfringens,Pathogenic E. coli,Salmonella spp. Fajita Seasoning Sauce, Kung Pao Seasoning Sauce