(Return to List)

Guidance Table

Table 3E

Dairy

Process-related biological, chemical, and physical hazards

Category Number Subcategory Storage Conditions Hazards Example Products
Dairy - Dry Powders 1 Dry milk products Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Dried Milk, Whey Powder, Instant Nonfat Dry Milk, Whey Protein Powder
Dairy - Milk and Butter 2 Butter products Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Butter, Butter Spreads, Unsalted Butter Blends
Dairy - Milk and Butter 3 Pasteurized Milk and cream products Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Fluid White Milk, Flavored Milks, Buttermilk, Creams (Heavy, Light, Whipping), Goat Milk, Sheep Milk
Dairy - Milk and Butter 4 Cultured milk products Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Sour cream, Plain/Flavored Yogurt
Dairy, Milk and Milk Products Shelf-Stable 5 Ultra-High Temperature Liquid Dairy Products Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Dairy Creamer, UHT Milk, Flavored Creamers
Dairy, Milk and Milk Products Shelf-Stable 6 Stabilized Liquid Milk Products Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Metal Evaporated Milk, Sweetened Condensed Milk
Dairy - Milk, Frozen 7 Ice cream, regular and low fat (no inclusions) Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Vanilla, Chocolate, Strawberry, Coconut
Dairy - Milk, Frozen 8 Ice cream, regular and low fat with inclusions Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Butter Pecan, Mint Chocolate Chip, Fudge Ripple, Rocky Road, Cherry Vanilla, Black Raspberry, Peppermint Cookie
Dairy - Milk, Frozen 9 Sherbets Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal All Flavors , Pineapple, Raspberry, Orange
Dairy - Milk, Frozen 10 Frozen Novelty Items Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Milk Shakes, Ice Cream Cakes, Ice Cream Sandwiches, Chocolate Covered Ice Cream Bar, Chocolate/Nut Topped Ice Cream Desserts, Frozen Yogurt
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Whole 11a Cheese (not soft) Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Hard Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, Parmesan Cheese, Asiago Cheese
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Whole 11b Cheese (not soft) Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Hard Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, Parmesan Cheese, Asiago Cheese
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Whole 12 Semi-soft cheese Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Blue, Monterey, Muenster, Provolone, Oaxaca, Stilton, Colby, Monterey Jack, Mozzarella, Edam, Gouda
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Whole 13 Soft, ripened cheese Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Brie, Camembert, Grayson, Cheese Curd
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Whole 14 Soft, unripened cheese/ fresh cheese Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Cottage Cheese, Cream Cheese, Ricotta, Queso Fresco, Cheese Curd, Goat Cheese
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Sliced, Shredded, or Grated 15a Cheese (not soft) Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Hard Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, Parmesan Cheese, Asiago Cheese
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Sliced, Shredded, or Grated 15b Cheese (not soft) Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Hard Cheese, Cheddar Cheese, Parmesan Cheese, Asiago Cheese
Dairy - Cheese and Cheese Products - Sliced, Shredded, or Grated 16 Semi-soft cheese Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Monterey, Muenster, Provolone, Oaxaca, Colby, Monterey Jack, Mozzarella