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Guidance Table

Table 3H

Fruits and Vegetables

Process-related biological, chemical, and physical hazards

Category Number Subcategory Storage Conditions Hazards Example Products
Fresh Cut 1 Fresh cut vegetables Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Leafy Greens (Single and Mixed Greens), Shredded Carrots, Avocado Chunks, Leafy green salad blends, Diced Onions, Cut Tomatoes, Sliced Mushrooms
Fresh Cut 2 Fresh cut fruits Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Mixed Fruit Salad; Packaged Single Fruits, Cut Melon, Apple Slices, Cut Pineapple, Cut Mango
Frozen 3 Vegetables Ready-to-Eat (RTE) Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Broccoli, Carrots, Corn- sweet, Cauliflower, Garlic, Kale, Peas, Snow peas, Spinach
Frozen 4 Vegetables, Not Ready-to-Eat (NRTE) Frozen Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Eggplants, Okra, Potatoes, Sweet potatoes, Winter squash
Frozen 5 Fruits Frozen Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Raspberries, Melon, Blueberries, Sliced Strawberries, Tropical Fruit Blend, Mangoes, Pineapple
Refrigerated 6 Prepared Fruit Products Ready-to-Eat (RTE) Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Cinnamon Apples, Cherry Mixed Fruit in Juice, Diced Peaches, Diced Pears, Red Grapefruit
Dried / Dehydrated 7 Dried Fruits Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Raisins, Cranberries, Papaya, Pineapple, Mango, Blends
Dried / Dehydrated 8 Dehydrated Vegetables Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Peas, Celery, Onions, Carrots, Tomatoes, Green Beans, Wasabi Peas
Further Processed 9 Acidified Vegetables Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Pickled Cucumbers, Pickled Beets, Cocktail Onions, Pickled Turnips, Hearts of Palm, Capers, Roasted Peppers, Roasted Tomatoes, Salsa
Further Processed 9a Acidified Vegetables Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Pickled Cucumbers, Pickled Beets, Cocktail Onions, Pickled Turnips, Hearts of Palm, Capers, Roasted Peppers, Roasted Tomatoes, Salsa
Further Processed 11a Fermented Vegetables Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Sauerkraut, Pickles, Kimchi
Further Processed 11b Fermented Vegetables Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Sauerkraut, Pickles, Kimchi
Further Processed 12a Infused Oils Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Garlic in Oil, Chili Pepper Oil, Lemon Oil, Sun Dried Tomatoes in Oil
Further Processed 12b Infused Oils Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Garlic in Oil, Chili Pepper Oil, Lemon Oil, Sun Dried Tomatoes in Oil
Further Processed 13 Other Processed Fruits Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Jams, Jellies, Chutneys
Further Processed 14a Acid Fruits and Vegetables Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Applesauce, Flavored Applesauce, Tomato Paste, Tomato Puree, Apricot Puree
Further Processed 14b Acid Fruits and Vegetables Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Applesauce, Flavored Applesauce, Tomato Paste, Tomato Puree, Apricot Puree