(Return to List)

Guidance Table

Table 3J

Grains, Beans and Grain Products

Process-related biological, chemical, and physical hazards

Category Number Subcategory Storage Conditions Hazards Example Products
Grains 1 Raw grains Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Wheat, Rye, Sorghum, Oats, Barley, Triticale, Buckwheat, Corn, Soy, Rice, Teff, Amaranth, Millet, Quinoa
Grains 2 Heat-treated grains Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5) Toasted oats, Puffed rice
Beans 3 Single component whole, dried Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Soybean, Kidney, Haricot, Lima, Pinto, Navy, Azuki, Mung, Black Gram, Scarlet Runner, Ricebean, Moth, Tepary; Horse, Broad, Field; Garden Pea; Chickpea; Cowpea/Black-eyed Pea; Pigeon Pea; Lentil; Bambara Groundnut; Vetch; Lupins; Lablab/hyacinth, Jack, Sword, Winged Bean, Velvet Bean, Yam Bean
Beans 4 Single component bean/pea/corn dried: paste Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Bean paste, Tahini, Hummus
Beans 5a Single Component Cooked Beans - no sauce Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Lima beans, Black-eyed peas, Lentils, Chickpeas, Kidney Beans, Peas, Edamame
Beans 5b Single Component Cooked Beans - no sauce Frozen NOT Ready-to-Eat (NRTE) Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Lima beans, Black-eyed peas, Lentils, Chickpeas, Kidney Beans, Peas, Edamame
Beans 5c Single Component Cooked Beans - no sauce Frozen Ready-to-Eat (RTE) Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Lima beans, Black-eyed peas, Lentils, Chickpeas, Kidney Beans, Peas, Edamame
Milled Grain Products 6 Flour Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Wheat, Oats, Barley, Rye, Buckwheat, Millet, Amaranth, Quinoa, Soy
Milled Grain Products 7 Rice and rice products Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal White or Brown Rice, Sticky/sweet Rice, Basmati Rice, Jasmine Rice, Arborio rice, Rice-based noodles
Milled Grain Products 8 Seed or bean: Pulse Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Garbanzo (Gram), Soy, Lentil, Sesame
Milled Grain Products 9 Malt Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Malted Barley
Milled Grain Products 10 Corn Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Cornmeal, Corn Flour
Other Milled Products 11 Root flours Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Potato, Cassava
Other Milled Products 12 Starch products Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal Cornstarch, Potato Starch, Wheat Starch
Grain-based Cereal Products 13a Cereal Products without Inclusions: Ready-to-Eat Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Dry Cereals
Grain-based Cereal Products 13b Cereal Products with Inclusions: Ready-to-Eat Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Granola with Raisins and Nuts, Cereals with Marshmallows, Nuts, Chocolate, Confectionary Bits
Grain-based Cereal Products 14 Breakfast food: Not Ready-to-Eat Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Oatmeal, Farina, Oat Bran, Cream of Wheat, Grits
Grain-based Cereal Products 15 Cereal products, N.E. C. Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Cereal Bars and Other Nutrition Bars (Baked)
Pasta Products 16a Unfilled Pasta (not ready to eat) Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Spaghetti, Linguini, Rotini
Pasta Products 16b Unfilled Pasta (not ready to eat) Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Spaghetti, Linguini, Rotini
Pasta Products 17a Filled Par-Boiled Pasta (not ready to eat) Refrigerated Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Mushroom Ravioli, Cheese Tortellini
Pasta Products 17b Filled Par-Boiled Pasta (not ready to eat) Frozen Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal Mushroom Ravioli, Cheese Tortellini
Pasta Products 18 Dried pasta (not ready-to-eat) Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Metal Spaghetti, Egg Noodles