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Guidance Table

Table 3P

Spices and Herbs

Process-related biological, chemical, and physical hazards

Category Number Subcategory Storage Conditions Hazards Example Products
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 1 Dried, ground or cracked Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Cinnamon, Turmeric, Paprika, Pepper (Black, White, Red), Cayenne Powder, Cumin, Coriander, Mustard, Fenugreek, Horseradish, Fennel Seeds, Caraway, All-spice, Nutmeg, Ginger, Garlic (Minced or Powder), Onion (Minced or Powder), Celery Seed
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 2 Dried, whole Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Cinnamon, Cardamom, Fenugreek, Cloves, Nutmeg, Cumin, Anise, fennel Seeds, Caraway, Chili Peppers, Saffron, Peppercorns (Black or White), Coriander, Basil, Varieties of Chili Peppers
Untreated, Raw Herbs and Spices 3 Dried herbs Shelf-Stable Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Basil, Oregano, Thyme, Sage, Parsley, Bay Leaf, Dill, Rosemary, Cilantro, Mint, Kaffir Lime, Chives, Peppermint
Treated Herbs and Spices 4 Irradiated Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Various, as above
Treated Herbs and Spices 5 Chemically Treated (EtOH, PPO) Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Various, as above
Treated Herbs and Spices 6 Steam Pasteurization Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Various, as above
Seasonings and Blends 7a Pastes Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Basil Paste, Garlic Paste, Jerk Seasoning Paste
Seasonings and Blends 7b Pastes Refrigerated Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to lack of time/temperature control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to reduced oxygen packaging,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Recontamination due to lack of container integrity,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Basil Paste, Garlic Paste, Jerk Seasoning Paste
Seasonings and Blends 8 Essential Oils Shelf-Stable Basil, Cinnamon, Clove, Ginger, Lemongrass
Seasonings and Blends 9 Spice and seasoning mixtures, Dry Blends Shelf-Stable Bacterial pathogen survival of a lethal treatment,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Taco Mix, Chili Powder, Curry Powder, Multi-Spice Mix, Adobo Seasoning, Garam Masala, Berebere, Oriental Five-Spice, Crab Snack & Dip Seasoning, Meat Coatings and Rubs, Seafood Seasonings, Scampi Seasoning, Powdered Seasonings, Popcorn Seasonings
Seasonings and Blends 10 Spice and seasoning mixtures, Liquid Shelf-Stable Bacterial growth and/or toxin formation due to poor formulation control,Recontamination with environmental pathogens,Undeclared allergens - Incorrect label,Undeclared allergens - cross- contact,Chemical hazards due to mis- formulation (e.g. sulfites, yellow #5),Metal,Glass (when product packed in glass) Fajita Seasoning Sauce, Kung Pao Seasoning Sauce